Neonatal jaundice describes a condition in which a newborn skin appears yellow within the first few days of life. The yellowish appearance is a sign of an increased blood pigment called Bilirubin, which then settles in the skin. In many cases this is a normal process and occurs in about 2/3 of all healthy newborns
CAUSES OF NEONATAL JAUNDICE
- Physiologic Cause which is evident on the second to third day of life , usually harmless and caused by the newborn’s immature liver inability to excrete bilirubin
- Maternal-fetal group incompatibility which occurs when there is an incompatibility between the blood type of the mother and the newborn
- Insufficient or no breastfeeding of the newborn
- Prematurity and Maternal diabetes can also be a cause of neonatal jaundice
Warning signs and symptoms of Jaundice are: Vomiting, lethargy, not feeding well, fever, high pitched cry, dark urine or light stools.
Phototherapy could be used for treatments and on extreme cases blood transfusion is done.
To prevent Jaundice, it is advisable that new born should be breastfed at least 8-12 times daily. Newborns should also be monitored at least 8 to 12 hours daily.
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American college of gastroenterology
Causes of Jaundice in neonates